Currently, Japan produces both loose teas as well as powdered forms of green tea. Tea is grown mostly in Uji, Kagoshima, Shizuoka regions as well as Kyoto prefectures. Uji is found south of Kyoto, and it is the most popular tea-growing region in Japan. Although it produces just about 4% of the total tea produced in Japan, it gives most of the finest teas to the country.
There are three major types produced in Japan: Gyokuro, Sencha as well as Matcha.
Gyokuro which is also commonly referred to as Jade Dew is known to be the best quality green tea in Japan and for that reason, it is sold for the highest price. The tea bushes which produce Gyokuro are maintained under 90% shaded conditions for three or two weeks before harvesting. As a result of this, the growth and development of the leaves are slow, and they turn to a darker shade of green. The growing conditions encourage the production of theanine in the leaves. Caffeine found in the lives is determined by the age of the leaves. The younger they are, the lesser the caffeine content in them. To produce the best Gyokuro, only the tippy buds are used. The two facts are the reasons that explain the sweet taste of Gyokuro which normally lack in other green teas. Get more facts about tea at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tea.
Sencha is the commonest type of Japanese tea from the japanese tea shop and it costs cheaper when compared to Gyokuro. Unlike Gyokuro, the tea bushes which are meant for the production of Sencha get exposure to the sunlight. The tea has a lightly astringent taste together with a slight sweetness. The best Sencha is known to be produced from the first crop that is normally acquired from the harvest of April and May. Bencha is a class of Sencha. It is acquired from the Sencha bushes although it is gotten from the harvest of summer and autumn. Some Bencha is produced from the coarser leaves or the twigs. It lacks the delicate sweetness found in Sencha although it is valued for the refreshing deep flavor with a sweet aftertaste. It is less expensive, milder and it is known to have less caffeine compared to other teas.
Matcha green tea is a form of powdered tea and traditionally applied for Japanese tea ceremonies. Tea bushes meant for the production of Matcha are also grown in the shade such as Gyokura. It has a bitter-sweet taste. However, it is highly valued since it contains maximum green tea benefits since the body gets more chemicals from the talc like consistency when brewed of Matcha. Read more about benefits of tea now!